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Connecting Return to Development (Afghanistan)


Titre : Connecting Return to Development Afghanistan

Pays/Région : Afghanistan

IATI Identifiant  : XM-DAC-7-PPR-4000003224

Durée : Planned start date : October 1, 2019 // Planned end date : March 31, 2021

Large numbers of vulnerable returnees : Approximately 2.5 million undocumented Afghans live in Iran and in Pakistan. Between 1 January 2019 and 24 August 2019, a total of 305,070 undocumented Afghans returned to Afghanistan from Iran (95 per cent or 290,881 persons) and Pakistan (5 per cent or 14,189 individuals). Keep ing pace with current return trends, a total of approximately 600,000 undocumented returnees are expected to return in 2019, and similar figures are anticipated in 2020. Returnees from Pakistan and Afghanistan have specific vulnerabilities. The specific vulnerability profile of un documented Afghan returnees from Pakistan indicates the need for comprehensive humanitarian assistance services at major border crossings. Essential needs include food, shelter/land, livelihoods and access to basic services. Afghans returning from the Islamic Republic of Iran are particular vulnerable, with at least half having been arrested, detained and deported with little to no possessions, and arriving in dire need of humanitarian and protection assistance. In addition, Afghans on the move face human rights violations, as well as many protection risks including abuse by smugglers and authorities, detention, and crime. Specific vulnerabilities for women and minors : IOM’s assessments reveal that Unaccompanied Migrant Children (UMC)’s and Single Female (SF)’s needs upon arrival are not limited to food, NFIs (Non-food items), and trans portation ; unless they are able to reunite with family, protection needs continue. Even when reunited with fami ly, they are at risk of re-migrating due to debt bondage among other risks including gender-based violence, forced marriage or punishment by non-state armed groups. Single Females (SFs) and Female Headed House holds (FHHs) often experience GBV concerns upon return, exacerbated by their inability to reunify with children or family in Iran, as well as a lack of access to women’s shelters if they have a medical condition, suffer from addiction or mental health issues, or have children over 5 years old.

The project’s objective is to reduce the vulnerability of Afghans returning mostly form Iran and Pakistan and contribute to their sustainable reintegration. This is achieved by providing post-arrival assistance ; by supporting and protecting migrants vulnerable to violence, exploitation and abuse, and connecting vulnerable migrants to livelihoods opportunities ; and by facilitating integrated community development to foster sustainable reintegration of Afghan migrants in their communities of return.

Mise en oeuvre  : International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Budget  : €5.25 mln


Objectives/Purpose of activity (pdf)

Page publiée le 8 septembre 2020, mise à jour le 27 août 2022