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2019

National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) / Improving waste management in Egypt

Egypte

Titre National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) / Improving waste management in Egypt

Pays : Egypte

Durée : 2019 to 2022

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Environment (MoE)

Contexte
Only around 60 per cent of the waste produced is actually collected at the moment, and less than 20 per cent of this is properly disposed of or recycled. While public spaces in some cities are kept clean, the situation in other parts of the country is problematic. A significant portion of the overall waste is disposed of in canals, rivers, streets or open areas without any preventive measures to reduce the impact on the environment. This results in major environmental risks such as water, soil and air pollution, and disfigures the landscape. It also poses a serious risk to human and animal health and negatively impacts the economy, especially the tourism sector.

Despite international support, the institutions responsible for waste collection and disposal are not performing their wide-ranging functions properly. The legal framework is inadequate, there is no strategic planning, and the allocation of responsibilities and tasks remains unclear. The waste disposal sector is significantly underfinanced and there is an enormous need for sustainable investment and services.

Objectifs
The population of Egypt benefits from improvements in the waste management system. The private sector is involved in the relevant processes. Protection of resources, water bodies and the climate has improved.

Approche
The National Solid Waste Management Programme (NSWMP) is being implemented jointly with the KfW Development Bank and in cooperation with the European Commission and the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs. It is working to establish the structures required at national level and – in addition to the contributions provided within the framework of financial cooperation – is also supporting the development of waste infrastructure in four governorates. Model waste-management approaches that are based on adapted technical solutions are being implemented with secure, long-term financing. Local expertise and capacities are being developed. At national level, the programme is helping to put in place the necessary institutional, strategic and legal frameworks.

The programme is supporting the establishment of the Egyptian Waste Management Regulatory Authority (WMRA), which provides new services for the waste sector in cooperation with existing actors. These include policy and strategy development, support for and supervision of the governorates, and the creation of sustainable financing models. Inter-institutional coordination is being improved. Stakeholders from public and private bodies, universities and civil society are involved in planning, decision-making and implementation processes, and networking between these groups has been improved. New, decentralised approaches for waste collection and recycling will create ‘green jobs’ and promote the efficient use of resources.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 11 août 2020