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2014

Programme for the Operationalisation of the Seed Sector in Chad

Tchad

Titre Programme for the Operationalisation of the Seed Sector in Chad

Pays : Tchad

Durée : 2014 to 2022

Commissioned by : Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Production, Irrigation and Agricultural Equipment

Contexte
Farming is the main source of income in Chad, making up almost a quarter of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Around 80 per cent of the labour force is employed in agricultural production, more than half of them female. This makes agriculture one of the key areas for national economic development. However, the full potential of agriculture is not being exploited in Chad. Only six per cent of the potential cultivation area is being used. There are many reasons for this. In addition to uncontrollable climatic fluctuations, soil depletion, plant pests and inadequate water management, the extremely limited access to agricultural resources such as seeds is a core problem. High-quality seeds are one of the most important factors for intensifying agricultural production. They can simultaneously improve the population’s self-sufficiency and generate income. However, the seed industry in Chad is poorly organised and structured, and can scarcely meet demand. The regeneration of seeds from one year to the next and the refinement methods that farmers traditionally use in their fields impair seed quality and undermine production.

Objectifs  : Agricultural production has increased thanks to certified seeds. Family farms have higher and more secure income

Approche
This project has been active in Chad for many years. The objective is to improve the conditions for the seed industry through various activities. Results achieved in the first years should therefore be continued in order to generate long-term positive development. The project primarily works in provinces in the Sahelian zone (Batha and Wadi Fira) and the Sudan zone (Eastern Logon, Mandul and Middle Shari) The aim is to concentrate on setting up production and supply chains for seed cultures that will ensure food security for the population. These include maize, sorghum, millet and peanuts.

To achieve this, the project is working together with representatives of several interest groups, in other words equally with governmental structures, the private sector and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). It promotes partnerships between these interest groups. Sound legal bases aim to improve the framework for state and private sector institutions when it comes to regulating the seed industry. The project also promotes self-responsibility by building and strengthening the skills of the interest groups involved. The plan is to jointly develop strategies for the independent provision of environmentally friendly goods and services. In this context, the project ensures that gender equality aspects are taken into account and promoted in all project phases.

A final focus is on the vocational training of young people. The aim here is to prepare them for work in the various professions in the seed industry.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 1er août 2020