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2012

Programme for the management of river weirs in eastern Chad (GERTS)

Tchad

Titre Programme for the management of river weirs in eastern Chad (GERTS)

Pays : Tchad

Durée : 2012 to 2022

Commissioned by : Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Agence Française de Développement (AFD)

Agence d’exécution : Ministry of Production, Irrigation and Agricultural Equipment

Contexte
Fluctuating rainfall, a lack of irrigation, extreme climate and environment situations, and desertification and deforestation are adversely affecting food security in Chad. Farmers cannot produce enough food to sustain the population through livestock and pasture farming. This problem particularly affects the Sahel regions of the country. Soil erosion in low-lying areas and the absence of floods contribute to the loss of water reserves and fertile land. As a consequence, food shortages often occur in years with little rain.
For these reasons, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) has made agriculture and food security in Chad a priority area. In the Sahel-Sahara zone, SDC’s priority regions are Ennedi, Wadi Fira and Batha. The Agence Française de Développement (AFD) is providing SDC with financial support for the third project phase.

Objectifs  : Food security is improved in the regions of Batha, Ennedi East, Ennedi West and Wadi Fara.

Approche
The project improves agricultural production in the Sahel regions by building river weirs. These weirs distribute rainwater, thus reducing further soil erosion. Water flows more slowly and penetrates the soil. As a result, groundwater reserves are formed that can be used in agriculture. In addition to increasing agricultural production, the project aims to increase the population’s income and improve the management of natural resources, particularly water and soil.
The project implements socio-economic measures in order to achieve these objectives. It works together with public stakeholders, local non-governmental organisations (NGOs), authorities, operations management, economic interest groups and private partners, especially engineering consultancies and building companies.
The project supports ministries that are involved with water development in rural regions as they integrate river weirs into their development programmes. Private sector companies and structures (such as construction management) also receive support to ensure high-quality weir planning, construction and maintenance. The project also works with farmers to improve access to water and the acquisition of knowledge regarding good agricultural practices. The aim here is to ensure food security in families and village communities.
The project involves key local stakeholders in the various project measures. In this way, the various village communities are supported in organising the maintenance and use of the weirs together.

Présentation : GIZ

Page publiée le 12 septembre 2020