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Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets de recherche pour le Développement → 2019 → DEADSEA_ECO Modelling Anthropocene Trophic Cascades of the Judean Desert Ecosystem : A Hidden Dimension in the History of Human-Environment Interactions

Commission Européenne (CORDIS) 2019

DEADSEA_ECO Modelling Anthropocene Trophic Cascades of the Judean Desert Ecosystem : A Hidden Dimension in the History of Human-Environment Interactions

Judean Desert Ecosystem :

CORDIS (Service Communautaire d’Information sur la Recherche et le Développement) Commission Européenne

Titre : DEADSEA_ECO Modelling Anthropocene Trophic Cascades of the Judean Desert Ecosystem : A Hidden Dimension in the History of Human-Environment Interactions

Région : Moyen Orient

Code du projet : ID : 802752

Durée : Start date 1 January 2019 // End date 31 December 2023

Descriptif
This project aims to explore the effects of human settlement intensity on desert ecological community structure, focusing on the hitherto unstudied phenomenon of trophic cascades in antiquity. Its key research question is whether human-induced changes in arid land biodiversity can feedback to affect natural resources important for human subsistence, such as pasture and wood. The role of such feedback effects in ecological systems is increasingly acknowledged in recent years in the biological literature but has not been addressed in the study of human past. The research question will be approached using bioarchaeological methods applied to the uniquely-preserved material record from the middle and late Holocene settlement sequence (approximately 4,500 BCE to 700 CE) of the Dead Sea Ein Gedi Oasis, and to the contemporary palaeontological assemblages from caves located in the surrounding Judean Desert. The proposed research is expected to bridge between aspects of current thinking on ecosystem dynamics and the study of human past by exploring the role of trophic cascades as an invisible dimension of Anthropocene life in marginal environments. The study of the history of human impact on such environments is important to resource management planning across a rapidly expanding ecological frontier on Earth, as climate deterioration brings more people in contact with life-sustaining and sensitive arid land ecosystems.

Participants au projet
Coordinateur : UNIVERSITY OF HAIFA  :

Budget
Coût total : € 1 499 562,50
Contribution UE : € 1 499 562,50

CORDIS

Page publiée le 29 septembre 2020