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Kenya (2020)

Human Wildlife Conflict in Conservancies within the Mara Ecosystem

Elizabeth Wakoli

Titre : Human Wildlife Conflict in Conservancies within the Mara Ecosystem

Pays : Kenya
Zone d’intervention : Naboisho, Nashulai, Olare Orok , Olkinye

Date : 19 May 2020

Bénéficiaire : Elizabeth Wakoli

Contexte  : The project is a build-up from the previous phase, under the auspices of the 1st Rufford Small Grant (RSG), which focussed on understanding HWC in Conservancies within the Mara Ecosystem. The first phase, however, covered only six out of eighteen Conservancies. This phase is therefore to scale up investigations to four additional Conservancies to examine and understand patterns of HWC in selected conservancies. Additionally, the project tests and implements some proposed human wildlife mitigation measures in Conservancies covered in the previous phase. Specifically, it addresses human carnivore conflicts and sensitizes the local communities on better ways of dealing with such unfortunate incidents. Analysis from the first project phase revealed that livestock depredation is the most prevalent conflict type, with hyenas and lions being the main problematic culprits. To counter livestock depredation, local communities retaliated by poisoning baited prey and left-over carcasses, which not only killed targeted predators but also non-targeted species such as vultures.

A key objective of the project is to understand prevalence human wildlife conflict (HWC) in community Conservancies, causes and trend of occurrences, in order to come up with robust HWC resolution strategy, with a view to minimizing wildlife loss due to conflicts and promote coexistence between humans and wildlife without necessarily eliminating one to allow survival of the other. These will involve actions such as : Establishment of model predator-proof kraals (bomas) to address livestock depredation cases. As shown by previous work in phase one, a common conflict was livestock depredation in kraals, and therefore the most effective way to control this was to enhance security to control wildlife entry into livestock Kraals.
Sensitization and Awareness creation : previous surveys also established that community sensitization and awareness creation amongst communities could be an effective way of dealing with HWCs. The project will promote simple, cost effective and sustainable mitigation measures to curb escalated cases of livestock depredation, which subsequently resulted in unintentional killings of some wildlife species such as vultures through carcass poisoning.

The Rufford Foundation

Page publiée le 22 avril 2021, mise à jour le 19 septembre 2023