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Arizona State University (ASU) 2019

Effects of Water Holding Capacity and Precipitation on Above Ground Net Primary Production

Wagner, Svenja K

Titre : Effects of Water Holding Capacity and Precipitation on Above Ground Net Primary Production

Auteur : Wagner, Svenja K

Université de soutenance : Arizona State University (ASU)

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2019

Résumé
Aboveground net primary production (ANPP) is an important ecosystem process that, in drylands, is most frequently limited by water availability. Water availability for plants is in part controlled by the water holding capacity of soils. Available water holding capacity (AWHC) of soils is strongly influenced by soil texture and depth. This study drew upon localized rain gauge data and four data-sets of cover-line and biomass data to estimate ANPP and to determine annual precipitation (PPT). I measured soil depth to caliche and texture by layer of 112 plots across the four landscape units for which estimation of ANPP were available. A pedotransfer function was used to estimate AWHC from soil depth increments to depth of caliche measurements and texture analysis. These data were analyzed using simple and multivariate regression to test the effect of annual precipitation and available water holding capacity on aboveground net primary production. Soil texture remained constant among all plots (sandy loam) and depth to caliche varied from 15.16 cm to 189 cm. AWHC and the interaction term (PPT*AWHC) were insignificant (p=0.142, p=0.838) and annual PPT accounted for 18.4% of the variation in ANPP. The y-intercept was significantly different for ANPP annual PPT when considering AWHC values either above or below 3 cm. Shrub ANPP was insensitive to precipitation regardless of AWHC (R2=-0.012, R2=0.014). Results from this study indicate that a model incorporating annual PPT and AWHC may not serve as a good predictor for ANPP at a site level where there is little variation in soil texture

Sujets : Ecology / Sustainability / Soil sciences / above ground net primary production / caliche / sandy soil / soil / soil depth / water holding capacity

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Page publiée le 31 octobre 2020