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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2020 → Climate-Triggered Drought as Causes for Different Degradation Types of Natural Forests A Multitemporal Remote Sensing Analysis in NE Iran

Technische Universität Dresden (2020)

Climate-Triggered Drought as Causes for Different Degradation Types of Natural Forests A Multitemporal Remote Sensing Analysis in NE Iran

Omid Abdi

Titre : Climate-Triggered Drought as Causes for Different Degradation Types of Natural Forests A Multitemporal Remote Sensing Analysis in NE Iran

Auteur : Omid Abdi

Université de soutenance : Technische Universität Dresden,

Grade : Doctor of Engineering (Dr-Ing) 2020

Résumé partiel
Climate-triggered forest disturbances are increasing either by drought or by other climate extremes. Droughts can change the structure and function of forests in long-term or cause large-scale disturbances such as tree mortality, forest fires and insect outbreaks in short-term. Traditional approaches such as dendroclimatological surveys could retrieve the long-term responses of forest trees to drought conditions ; however, they are restricted to individual trees or local forest stands. Therefore, multitemporal satellite-based approaches are progressing for holistic assessment of climate-induced forest responses from regional to global scales. However, little information exists on the efficiency of satellite data for analyzing the effects of droughts in different forest biomes and further studies on the analysis of approaches and large-scale disturbances of droughts are required. This research was accomplished for assessing satellite-derived physiological responses of the Caspian Hyrcanian broadleaves forests to climate-triggered droughts from regional to large scales in northeast Iran. The 16-day physiological anomalies of rangelands and forests were analysed using MODIS-derived indices concerning water content deficit and greenness loss, and their variations were spatially assessed with monthly and inter-seasonal precipitation anomalies from 2000 to 2016. Specifically, dimensions of forest droughts were evaluated in relations with the dimensions of meteorological and hydrological droughts. Large-scale effects of droughts were explored in terms of tree mortality, insect outbreaks, and forest fires using field observations, multitemporal Landsat and TerraClimate data. Various approaches were evaluated to explore forest responses to climate hazards such as traditional regression models, spatial autocorrelations, spatial regression models, and panel data models. Key findings revealed that rangelands’ anomalies did show positive responses to monthly and inter-seasonal precipitation anomalies.

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