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Accueil du site → Master → Brésil → 2009 → Crédito rural, sustentabilidade e cidadania : o caso do PRONAF-Crédito na agricultura familiar do semi-árido baiano

Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (2004)

Crédito rural, sustentabilidade e cidadania : o caso do PRONAF-Crédito na agricultura familiar do semi-árido baiano

Dias de Moraes Alberto

Titre : Crédito rural, sustentabilidade e cidadania : o caso do PRONAF-Crédito na agricultura familiar do semi-árido baiano

Auteur : Alberto Dias de Moraes

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Pernambuco

Grade : Mestrem em sociologia 2004

Résumé
The aim of this dissertation is to analyze the relationship that exists among rural credit policies, agricultural sustainability and citizenship. It is intended, specifically, the analysis of outcomes of the implementation of a rural credit public policy called –PRONAF-Credit- in the north-east semiarid of Brazil, in relation to the attainment of rural credit directions and aims linked to the promotion of a sustained unfolding and the formation of citizenship ; those claims are outlined in the project and official government speeches. The investigation begins with part of the transformations that occured in the Brazilian agriculture, specially during the 90’s – when PRONAF was implemented – as a consequence of a series of favourable historic chances – public pressure being one of them. Since then, comparing the theoretical official aims with the results of the loan implementations under the PRONAF-credit, it was observed how the construction of an agricultural sustainability and citizenship function as experienced by family farmers in three municipalities in the state of Bahia – Casa Nova, Curaçá, and Juazeiro, for they being models of a family agriculture in the northeast semi-arid and the raising of caprine-ovine is their main agro-economy activity. The dissertation shows that the producers in these municipalities received significant credit lent by Banco do Brasil and Banco do Nordeste and those experiments are valuable to the analysis of PRONAF-Credit in respect to the sustainability and formation of citizenship whished by the official discourse. Empirical evidences were achieved by questionairies, key informers and official documents in a research done in the period between February-December of 2003. The parsing of these experiments showed disproportion between Pronaf’s aims and the practical results achieved ; the indications show that the Pronaf program is taken by financial agents and private companies for realization of their own advantage and their actions serve also as a way to keep old-fashioned socil relationship based on clientele so the finacial agents and private companies can manipulate and control beneficed farmers. In the end, in face of the necessity of adjustments demonstrated by evidences so that the program may contribute to the agricultural sustainability and of the comunities and to the formation of citizenship, the study suggests better handling by the government institutions to democratize the concession and control of credit, and the social responsibleness to avoid manipulation of family farmers, the waste and deviation of resources.

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Page publiée le 4 avril 2010, mise à jour le 22 février 2019