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Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú (2019)

Procesos endógenos en la sostenibilidad de los sistemas de producción de camélidos en regiones altoandinas del sur de Perú : caso Cotaruse, Apurímac

Herz Sáenz, Carlos Augusto

Titre : Procesos endógenos en la sostenibilidad de los sistemas de producción de camélidos en regiones altoandinas del sur de Perú : caso Cotaruse, Apurímac

Auteur : Herz Sáenz, Carlos Augusto

Université de soutenance : Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú

Grade : Doctor en Antropología con mención en Estudios Andinos 2019

Résumé
The study is focused on recognition, identification, explanation and analysis of different social, cultural, economic and technological factors that are articulated in production systems of high Andean communities, dedicated to grazing activities, mainly of South American camelids –alpacas–. These pastoral societies have set up a form of sustainability that has let them to have a historical continuity, despite complex and adverse situations of multidimensional postponement that have arisen or generated from the Colony to the present day. In order to fulfil this purpose has been taken as study area to the rural pastoralist communities belonging to the Cotaruse District, in the province of Aymaraes, Department of Apurimac, particularly to the peasant community of San Miguel de Mestizas, Southeast of Peru, about 750 km from Lima capital. The study highlights, more specifically the endogenous factors that have contributed to favouring the validity and sustainability of Andean pastoralist systems as well as their inevitable forms of relationship with both the national society and the global market, which has brought dynamic processes of cultural exchange, incorporation and adaptation of technologies, as well as learning, alliances and multiple tensions always within the framework of the pastoralist economy continuity. The different various components in the analysis of the socio-economic and productive reality of rural communities identified in the study, can reveal a number of shortcomings and limitations that affect the quality of life improvement of the livestock families, but it does not invalidate the presence and persistence of the societies basic structure constituted as shepherdesses making an integral use of the resources that possess, both for their self-sufficiency and the market. In short, this contribution aims to identify those factors involved in what has been called processes of sustainability of high Andean production systems.

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Page publiée le 17 novembre 2020