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Universidade de Brasília (2019)

Proposição de indicadores para o monitoramento participativo da sustentabilidade de tecnologias de gestão da terra implementadas no semiárido brasileiro

Kamilla Carneiro Bachstein, Silva

Titre : Proposição de indicadores para o monitoramento participativo da sustentabilidade de tecnologias de gestão da terra implementadas no semiárido brasileiro

Proposal of indicators for participatory monitoring sustainability of land management technologies implemented in brazilian semiarid

Auteur : Kamilla Carneiro Bachstein, Silva

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Brasília

Grade : Mestrado em Tecnologia Ambiental e Recursos Hídricos 2019

Résumé
To enhance the quality of life and environmental sustainability, several sustainable land management technologies (SLM - Sustainable Land Management) have been implemented in rural areas of the brazilian semiarid. The present work aimed to select environmental indicators for participatory environmental monitoring of SLM that can promote a process of learning and environmental awareness of land users in rural areas of the brazilian semiarid. A benchmarking exercise captured a range of participatory approaches to monitoring SLM in drylands around the world that can be used in SLM projects in the context of the brazilian semiarid. In addition to the positive social and environmental impacts of SLM technologies, which usually correspond to the objectives of their implementation, potential negative impacts of some of the SLM technologies being implemented in the brazilian semiarid region were also identified. Through a methodology based on causal networks with DPSIR structure (driving force - pressure - state - impact - response), five easy-to-monitor indicators were selected by land users with minimal technology or affordable technical inputs : conductivity electric water ; groundwater depth (changes) ; plant biomass ; soil depth (changes) ; and rainfall.

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Page publiée le 22 novembre 2020