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Universidade de Sao Paulo (2020)

"E a natureza os entregou ao jogo dos tempos" : a seca de 1791 na capitania de Pernambuco e suas anexas

Felipe, Mariely de Albuquerque Mello

Titre : "E a natureza os entregou ao jogo dos tempos" : a seca de 1791 na capitania de Pernambuco e suas anexas

And nature delivered them to the game of the times : the 1791 drought in the captaincy of pernambuco and its annexes

Auteur : Felipe, Mariely de Albuquerque Mello

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Sao Paulo

Grade : Maîtrise 2020

Résumé
The main objective of this dissertation was to analyze the drought that affected the Captaincies of Pernambuco and its annexes between the years 1791 and 1793, and to understand the social and economic implications of this phenomenon throughout the last decade of the 18th century. The occurrence of long periods of drought was frequent in the region, where favorable times alternated incessantly with periods of low or absence of rainfall. Despite the secular nature of the phenomenon, prior to the arrival of Portuguese colonists, it was in the 18th century that records of lack of rain became more frequent, not because of the repetition of the phenomenon itself, but because of the growth of the population linked to agricultural and livestock activities that they started to establish themselves in a more climatically unstable region, the hinterland. The "great drought" of 1791 was reported as a scenario of great devastation, scarcity and famine, from north to south of the northern captaincies. The loss of crops and the death of herds in the hinterland, brought about a serious and lasting food crisis, which went beyond the local borders and affected other captaincies. The devastating potential of the phenomenon was closely linked to the specific circumstances of the supply market in the late 18th century.

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Page publiée le 7 décembre 2020