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Universidade Federal de Sergipe (2010)

Ressignificação e reapropriação social da natureza : práticas e programas de “convivência com o semiárido” no território de Juazeiro – Bahia

Carvalho, Luzineide Dourado

Titre : Ressignificação e reapropriação social da natureza : práticas e programas de “convivência com o semiárido” no território de Juazeiro – Bahia

REFRAMING AND SOCIAL REAPPROPRIATION OF NATURE : practices and programs of coexistence with the semiarid "in the territory of Juazeiro - Bahia.

Auteur : Carvalho, Luzineide Dourado

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Grade : Doutorado em Geografia 2010

Résumé
The context of this study is the reflexive relationship between nature and culture in contemporary times. The nature semiarid have received different understandings, guided by different rationales, and among these, the environment, which presents the proposal of ’Familiarity of the Brazilian Semiarid’. This proposal is understood as an idea-project that innovates, stimulates and directs the socio-environmental through social networks, graduating as a rhizome, weaving us through all its scales, welding different flags in the social struggles waged Semiarid contemporary (water, land, education and other claims). She leads the actors and social actors to social reappropriation of nature. These events are identified in the Territory of Juazeiro (Bahia), using three guidelines of ’familiarity’ : the democratization of the access to water and its programs (P1MC, P1 +2 and others), the democratization of ownership and regulation land (with emphasis on the situation of collective land to pasture Fund) and the sustainable use of biodiversity and agrobiodiversity Caatinga. It was examined whether these programs and practices reorient the use of natural resources, since not only meet the material support of the people, especially traditional rural communities, but also make up base intangible values of culture and identity associated with their territories of life and work. The theoretical foundation and methodological study of the phenomenological and cultural categories and geographic themes of nature, territory / territoriality, networks, and landscape. We analyzed how they are developing the new territoriality in the Semiarid by ’familiarity’.

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