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Universidade Federal de Sergipe (2015)

O Parlamento das águas : a experiência dos comitês de bacia hidrográfica na política de recursos hídricos em Sergipe

Matos, Silvia Maria Santos

Titre : O Parlamento das águas : a experiência dos comitês de bacia hidrográfica na política de recursos hídricos em Sergipe

Auteur : Matos, Silvia Maria Santos

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Grade : Doutorado em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 2015

Résumé
This research aims to analyze the experience of river basin committees in the production of public policies for water resources in Sergipe. This analysis was performed from the perspective of social participation and integration as structural axes of the National and State Policy of Water Resources, established in Brazil and Sergipe in 1997. This assumes identify and discuss the limits and possibilities of this form of state action as promoter of public policies and civil society, through the watershed committees, as his legal representative. Our hypothesis is that the participation of society in an organized and active public sphere is one of the factors that determine the formation of an integrated State with its organs and other spheres of civil society, acting together in institutionalized processes following the example of watershed committees. This social participation acts in the context of public debate and deliberative democracy in perspective built by Habermas and collective association, by Bruno Latour. In reading methodology and text analysis, we mainly guided by the concepts of Habermas, Hanna Arendt, Bruno Latour, Max Weber, Luhmann, Giddens and Beck, Hans Jonas and Larrère and others who assisted in the foundation of this thesis. In empirical research, the data were collected by document analysis and means of personal interviews with the technicians and managers of Resources Water Polycy in Sergipe and with the members the river basin committees of state domain watershed instituted in the state (Rio Sergipe established in 2002, Rio Piaui established in 2005, Rio Japaratuba introduced in 2007). It was found that the committees have very limited influence on achievement of the shares in favor of the sustainability of water resources, although its institutionalization is perceived by its members as positive, because even limited, the committees represent a breakthrough in politics, it offers discussion and knowledge on the key issues of the basins. The solutions permeate ways that signal for joint action involving both the State and society. Such solutions should consider, above all, recognition of the committees as an area of excellence for discussion of water resources policy and an appropriate management of activities involved, whether related to the own functioning and dynamism of the committees, or related to the performance of agencies of the public power in their appropriate competencie

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