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Universidade Federal de Sergipe (2015)

Monitoramento e modelagem da qualidade da água e agrotóxicos em corpos hídricos no Baixo São Francisco sergipano

Britto, Fábio Brandão

Titre : Monitoramento e modelagem da qualidade da água e agrotóxicos em corpos hídricos no Baixo São Francisco sergipano

Auteur : Britto, Fábio Brandão

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Grade : Doutorado em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 2015

Résumé partiel
The importance of monitoring studies in areas with man-made actions is related to the diagnosis of environmental impacts in water source regions, in the search of factors that show, in a simple way, the causes for degradation of multiple uses areas. In Sergipe, the presence of several Irrigated Perimeters in the riverbanks justifies the search of these changes. To this end, it was defined the study in the area of floodplains in Betume and in California’s nonirrigated area. It was performed 34 monitoring campagins from March 2013 to December 2014. It was analysed the physical-chemical parameters and turbidity rates, chlorophyll, DO, DBO and thermotolerant coliforms, both during the dry and wet periods, way more than the limits established by CONAMA/2005’s resolution, class 2. Besides the aforementioned water sources, others were attached to the study, among them : Jacaré River, Santo Antônio River, Pilões River, Papagaio River, Capivara River and Jacaré-Curituba Dam. The Water Quality Index (WQI) revealed a tendency of 54% compromising the quality of water of the Rivers mentioned before, due to the domestic effluent. On the other hand, the Trophic State Index (TSI), the compromising reached 82% of the water quality, through eutrophication of water sources. Besides, through multivariate analysis grouping type, it was demonstrated the relationship between the association of physical-chemical parameters. This association happened to Betume River with Santo Antônio River, Pilões River and São Francisco River. Similarly, during dry weather, Onça Creek with Betume’s drainage ; and Santo Antônio River with Pilões River, and all of them presented proximity. It can also be highlighted that the application of Factor Analysis to the variable group in the selection of three indicative aspects of water quality of the studied rivers.

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