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University of Huddersfield (2018)

SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO THE CITY OF JIJEL, ALGERIA.

Mehibel, Mia

Titre : SUSTAINABLE HOUSING DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT IN RELATION TO THE CITY OF JIJEL, ALGERIA.

Auteur : Mehibel, Mia

Université de soutenance : University of Huddersfield

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2018

Résumé partiel
Sustainable architectural design is still in its early stages in many developing countries. There are many pressures that can reduce application of sustainable design ; for instance over one billion people worldwide still lack adequate shelter and suffer from poverty. Algeria is an example of a country facing a pressing housing shortage which takes precedence over such features as energy efficient design. There is currently an inability of the government to effectively respond to housing needs in both qualitative and quantitative scales. The problem threatens cities with a large spread of informal settlements and slums around many Algerian cities.

The main aim of this research is to investigate the Algerian housing sector and the housing policy adopted by the government, and to examine potential for future more sustainable outcomes. The problems and obstacles facing the sector are addressed with a particular focus on the city of Jijel. This research also aims to assess the professionals’ awareness of the sustainability issues and investigates the aspects of traditional and contemporary architecture in Algeria which are suitable for the planning of sustainable settlements.

The research methodology involved carrying out quantitative and qualitative analysis (mixed method) of the housing sector in Algeria using comparative analysis for different types of houses : collective apartments ; traditional courtyard houses ; and self-build houses. This involved descriptive, qualitative, and spatial analysis of case studies and the use of survey questionnaire. The survey questionnaire helped to assess the inhabitants’ satisfaction with their houses and was initially used with residents of 30 collective apartments from three different estates in the city of Jijel. Later, residents of 10 selected self-build family houses were interviewed. Finally, the survey was carried out with residents of traditional courtyard houses in the city of Constantine.

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