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Universidade Federal de Sergipe (2013)

A comunidade e dieta de pequenos mamíferos em uma área de caatinga no Alto Sertão Sergipano

Hirakuri, Valter Levino

Titre : A comunidade e dieta de pequenos mamíferos em uma área de caatinga no Alto Sertão Sergipano

Auteur : Hirakuri, Valter Levino

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Sergipe

Grade : Mestrado em Ecologia e Conservação 2013

Résumé partiel
Considering the habitat influence in the occurrence of animal species and feeding ecology as a key factor on community dynamics, the relationship between habitat components and species richness and the abundance of small mammals community were evaluated, as well as the diet characterization of these species at Caatinga‟s area in Sergipe, Brazil. The capture-mark-recapture (CMR) method was applied at the Grota do Angico Natural Monument (MNGA), 100 Sherman‟s® traps were arranged in four sites (dense hiperxerophytic Caatinga) from July 2012 to February 2013. Monthly, the habitat variables and invertebrates availability were measured. Fecal samples were collected for food items identification. Twenty-four individuals belonging to three species, two marsupials (Gracilinanus agilis, N = 17 and Didelphis al-biventris, N = 1) and one rodent (Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus, N = 6) were captured, the recapture rate was 25%. The richness found was lower than other studies described in this biome. High habitat similarity were observed between the study sites, due to the high amount of litter, and the differences among them were influenced by components such as rock, cactus and brome-liads. The only habitat variable that positively influenced the abundance of G. agilis was the amount of bromeliads, there was no such relationship with W. pyrrhorhinus.

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