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Ankara University (2020)

Regional drought analysis of Gediz Basin with standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI)

ÖNEY Mustafa

Titre : Regional drought analysis of Gediz Basin with standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index (SPEI)

Standart yağış evapotranspirasyon indeksi (SPEI) ile Gediz Havzasında bölgesel kuraklık analizi

Auteur : ÖNEY Mustafa

Université de soutenance : Ankara University

Grade : M.Sc Thesis 2020

Résumé
In this study, regional drought analysis was performed with the Standard Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI) and L moments techniques by using the monthly average temperature and monthly total rainfall amounts collected from Akhisar, Demirci, Gediz, Manisa and Salihli stations in the Gediz basin. Using the monthly average temperatures, the potential evapotranspiration (PET) amounts obtained by the Thornthwaite method and the monthly total rainfall amounts are divided into 5 different reference periods as 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Expressing the difference between rainfall and potential evapotranspiration amounts, the water balance (Di) series shows that almost all of the 9 and 12 months periods suffers from water deficiency and the 3 months period is water excessive. After determining the distributions that provide the best adaptation to the water balance series, according to the SPEI values obtained, near-normal conditions prevailed in all stations, while moderate and severe arid and humid conditions sometimes occur, while extremely humid and arid conditions are rarely seen. In the regional drought analysis using L moment techniques with the SPEI values obtained, a region of 5 stations was accepted and the irregularity and heterogeneity measures showed that the basin was acceptable homogeneous. SPEI values are generally the best fit generalized extreme values (GEV) for 1 and 3 months periods, generalized normal (GNO) for 6 months period, generalized logistics (GLO) for 9 months period, Pearson type 3 (PE3) distributions for 12 months period. According to the regional SPEI values for reference periods, it has been found near-normal in 1.11, 1.25 and 2 years, moderately humid in 1.04 years, very humid conditions for 1.01 and 1.02 years, moderately dry in 4 and 5 years, severe arid in 10 years, and extremely dry conditions in 20 and longer periods.

Mots clés : Regional Drought, Gediz Basin, L moments, Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index.

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Page publiée le 20 décembre 2020