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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2016)

Multi-criteria Decision Making Techniques For Water Allocation Planning : A Case Study Of Seyhan Watershed Area

KOCABAŞ SİRKECİ Gündüz Sinem

Titre : Multi-criteria Decision Making Techniques For Water Allocation Planning : A Case Study Of Seyhan Watershed Area

Su Tahsisi Planlamasında Çok Kriterli Karar Verme Teknikleri : Seyhan Havzası Örnek Çalışması

Auteur : KOCABAŞ SİRKECİ Gündüz Sinem

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2016

Résumé partiel
Water is of vital importance to socio-economic development. The world’s water resources are deteriorating due to population growth, climate change, global warming and rapidly growing industrialization and urbanization. Increased water demand brought about by rapid population growth has created the necessity to increase food production through the expansion of irrigation and industrial production to meet basic human needs. Therefore, water has become a scarce resource in almost all countries. In response to this, equitable and efficient water allocation policy should be developed to supply the water demands of various competing water-use sectors. These competing sectors are urban water supply, irrigation, industry and ecosystem. Decrease in water storage poses new challenges to water resources managers. Therefore water resource managers apply to new plans and work to ensure a more effective, efficient and sustainable use of available water resources. The water allocation plan, developed by water resources managers, stakeholders, scientists, and water users, involves the potential of water resources (i.e.groundwater and surface water), existing water use, expected future water demand, water requirement for environmental purposes, short and long term planning conditions, drought conditions, and precaution to be taken against these conditions. Additionally, the water allocation plans provide coordinated, planned and sustainable management of natural resources within a river basin. The plans requires coordinated action by various government authorties, because no single authority can have the expertise, experience and legislative powers to be solely responsible for providing sustainable water allocation. The water allocation plan is an acceptable and rational framework for the allocation of the total water resources within the a river basin. The plan tries to mention the inherent stress in a water resource limiting situation between the need to protect the environment and basic human rights of access to the water resources and consumptive use of the resource for economic development. All of thes details, required for water allocation plan, are used for developing different allocation scenarios in consideration of social, economic, and environmental consequences. Water allocation plans should be based on the principle of water resources planning and management that involve all types of interrelated freshwater bodies, and take into consideration water quantity and quality. This plan should improve the efficiency of water utilization among sectors, ensure that all potential water resources are identified and protected in the river basin and prevent contamination of known resources. This plan should also consider inherent linkage of economic and social development via protecting natural ecosystems, surface water and groundwater supplies. In this thesis, a framework that aims to ensure sustainable water sharing among water users has been created in considering the water potential of a river basin. The water allocation plan is established and implemented by 9 key steps.

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