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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Turquie → An approach to the evaluation of vernacular settlements in hot dry climate in terms of thermal comfort : The case of Mardin

İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2019)

An approach to the evaluation of vernacular settlements in hot dry climate in terms of thermal comfort : The case of Mardin


Titre : An approach to the evaluation of vernacular settlements in hot dry climate in terms of thermal comfort : The case of Mardin

Sıcak kuru iklim bölgesindeki yerel yerleşmelerin termal konfor açısından değerlendirilmesine yönelik bir yaklaşım : Mardin örneği

Auteur : SÖZEN İrem

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2019

Résumé partiel
Vernacular settlements are designed through a direct experience with the conditions of the environment in a long period of time. This direct experience is very crucial in developing environmental consciousness and is hindered by the present mode of production that relies on the idea of mastery over nature. In the case of vernacular architecture the values of passive design parameters are in accordance with the environmental factors thus creating a comfortable built environment. Considering the current ecological crisis in which buildings hold a large share of responsibility, vernacular architecture offers a rich source of information to be studied to contribute to new methods, solutions and achievements towards sustainability. The vernacular houses were paid little attention as opposed to representative architecture in research history since most of the studies on historical buildings rely on the relationship of architecture with the history of important events and people. The common houses gained importance only recently after the environmental issues in building industry needed urgent solutions. These buildings show great respect for their environment by using local materials and techniques taking the constraints imposed by climate fully into account in contrast to their modern successors. (Coch, 1998) The role played by energy in this kind of architecture was not a point of interest until recent times. To derive meaningful lessons from vernacular houses, it is important not to make reductionist generalizations regarding the sustainability of vernacular architecture but to develop a comprehensive and scientific approach for the evaluation of each specific case. A review of vernacular architecture examples in Turkey will present a rich variety developed in accordance with different climatic conditions in Anatolia. Among these, hot dry climate region presents one of the most unfavorable conditions in terms of thermal comfort. The vernacular architectural examples that are shaped in adaptation to these adverse conditions are significant in order to study the principles and passive design strategies involved. Mardin is one of the well preserved settlements located in hot dry climate zone. The settlement is placed on the southern slope of Mazı Mountain with a dense and terraced pattern. The blocks are modular and the arrangement gives the impression of a one whole structure with interweaving narrow streets and courtyards. The streets, courtyards and interior spaces of this settlement are reputed to be thermally comfortable but a detailed parametric analysis has not been applied yet. This study focuses on Mardin Vernacular housing settlement, in order to come up with detailed quantitative data on the applied passive design parameters for thermal comfort


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