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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2015)

Rural Architecture İn Blacksea Region : Rize-findikli-hara Village-köseoğlu House Example

Cengiz, Seda

Titre : Rural Architecture İn Blacksea Region : Rize-findikli-hara Village-köseoğlu House Example

Doğu Karadeniz’de Kırsal Mimari : Rize-fındıklı-hara Köyü-köseoğlu Osman Cengiz Evi

Auteur : Cengiz, Seda

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
The study area was selected in The Eastern Black Sea Region, the north-east side of Turkey. Black Sea Region contains both different types of rural architectural elements and natural values. Until quite recently, these rural architectural elements were protected. However, today they are rapidly vanishing because of the developing construction technology, its effect on local people and lack of attention on conservation issue. Efforts to solve similar problems are very limited. Laz* House plan type and gözdolgu (cell-infilling) construction system are important examples of rural architecture in Black Sea Region (*The ethnic group basically lives in some distinct of Rize and Artvin). Köseoğlu Osman Cengiz House which shows local characteristics is selected for the thesis study. The house is located in Rize City-Fındıklı County-Hara Village of the Eastern Black Sea Region. The main purpose of the thesis study is to create awareness on conservation of rural architectural elements in Fındıklı. In this context, the history of Laz people, the historical development, geographical position, climate, flora, socio-cultural and economic structure, rural architecture in Eastern Black Sea Region, traditional settlement configurations, local plan type, serender buildings and traditional construction techniques were examined. This local plan type is named as ‘Laz House’ in the thesis. In Anatolia, rural architectural elements -even plan typologies- basically were shaped according to climate. For example, in Northeast -where the precipitation ratio is high- houses shaped with an inner sofa-anteroom- while the houses in the arid sites of Turkey shaped with a hayat-veranda-. Fındıklı County, is located on the coastal band, on the easternmost of Rize, is surrounded with Black Sea from the north, Yusufeli County of Artvin from the south, Arhavi County of Artvin from the east and Ardeşen County of Rize from the west side. The historical name of the County is Viçe (Viǯe). The settlement is concentrated on the coastal band and the plateaus nearby the streams. The Region contains various cultures for centuries, so the effect of these cultures is still seen on traditional architecture and daily life of local people. This effect is observed on local plan type and gözdolgu construction system. Köseoğlu Osman Cengiz House and its serender, is located in Rize-Fındıklı-Hara Village-Kozmağa location-Köseoğlu neighbourhood-131 block-9 plot, is showing the typical characteristics of traditional housing. As stone, timber is used with its nearest state to its natural existence. Although it is easy to achieve, process and carry, its resistance to the climate conditions is not high as stone. Above all these, for hundreds years, it is used for housing architecture because it has the highest workability.

Mots clés : Rural Architecture Restoration Protection Cell-Infill System Timber Frame

Présentation

Page publiée le 16 décembre 2020