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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2015)

The Impacts Of Urban Processes On Socio-spatial Segregation And Inequalities – The Case Study Of Amman, Jordan

Korshid, Dalia Zeyneb

Titre : The Impacts Of Urban Processes On Socio-spatial Segregation And Inequalities – The Case Study Of Amman, Jordan

Sosyo-mekansal Ayrışma Ve Eşitsizlikler Üzerine Kentsel Süreçlerin Etkileri – Amman, Ürdün`

Auteur : Korshid, Dalia Zeyneb

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2015

Résumé
This study investigates the influences of urban processes and changes in the social, economic and political aspects of the city of Amman, Jordan on the urban morphology and socio-spatial segregation and inequalities in the city. The study is carried out through an in-depth analysis of the different lifestyles in East and West Amman which are considered as being two cities in one due to the inequalities and isolation both ends experience from one another. The aim of the research was achieved by studying the patterns of different migrants such as Palestinians, Iraqis and Syrians, of which many were refugees, into Amman which were caused by the political imbalances in the region. The study aims to understand and explore the effect of the changes in the city’s political decisions such as the economic reform, globalization, and neoliberal processes. Case studies of both contemporary megaprojects in Amman and of the historical Downtown were investigated to reach the findings aimed for by this study. Research methods include reviewing applicable theoretical work, historical and contemporary resources on Amman including primary and secondary research with the usage of both qualitative and quantitative research. Site visits were conducted in order to interview several stakeholders and also to observe the different lifestyles between East and West Amman. The study concludes that although segregation is inevitable in any city, it only become abnormal when each segregated side live different lives from one another and end up isolated from each other. This isolation is displayed in Amman and through the research it was concluded that these inequalities are a joint result of several processes. Such inequalities are mainly due to the geopolitical changes in the region that resulted in ongoing sudden influxes of migrants into Amman which was difficult to control therefore significantly transforming the city’s built environment and influencing the city’s morphology and social well being. This, combined with other processes has all resulted in the excess attention to the upper class West Amman at the cost of the neglect of the lower class East Amman. As a segregated city was eventually formed, it lead to almost complete isolation between the residents of East and West Amman where they attend different schools, shop from different places, have different views on life and are therefore unwelcoming to each other.

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