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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2015)

Assessing Landscape And Global Climate Change İnteraction Through Forms Of Visual Representation

UYGUR İzgi

Titre : Assessing Landscape And Global Climate Change İnteraction Through Forms Of Visual Representation

Peyzaj Ve Küresel İklim Değişikliği Etkileşiminin Görsel Anlatım Biçimleri Üzerinden Değerlendirilmesi

Auteur : UYGUR İzgi

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master (MS) 2015

Résumé partiel
This study centers on the interaction between landscape and global climate change and the forms of visual representation that contribute the awareness about climate change mitigation. Making a literature review on climate change and landscape, through scientific articles, books and reports of various international foundations had an effect on shaping the research topic. With this study, it was concluded that, landscape and climate are not independent components of ecosystems and visual images are effective on altering climate change perception. Climate change is large scale anomalies on average temperatures and weather events of the planet. While long term natural climate changes are shaped by volcanic activities and variations in the orbits of the planets ; extreme industrialization and global dominance of economies based on fossil fuels are the anthropogenic causes of the short term radical climate irregularities. Natural landscape has transformed and it has been integrated into cultural landscape by humans since Industrial Revolution in the beginning of 18th century. Besides, greenhouse gas emissions have increased with the use of fossil fuels. The activities related to increasing human population as urban sprawl, destruction of wetlands and deforestation, affect the microclimate and accelerate global climate change. The anthropogenic climate change could lead to irreversible damages in ecological systems. Furthermore, this change in the global climate alters the landscape and hence, leading to new configurations of life among living things including humans. Population growth and globalization transform consumption patterns and increases the energy demand for transportation and manufacturing sectors. Thus, producing energy from fossil fuels increases carbon dioxide emissions and causes the pollution of land and oceans. The highest carbon dioxide levels on atmosphere that has been measured in recent years shows that there will be an inevitable increase on average temperatures. Empirical results are exposing as shifting weather patterns, perturbations on hydrological cycles and sea levels, and deviation on strength and direction of winds. Today, the impacts of climate change can be seen in Arctic and arid regions of the world. The effects of weather events on natural landscapes can be observed on cryosphere, water resources and water cycles, terrestrial ecosystems, ocean and coastal ecosystems. Moreover, this abrupt change on climate is far more rapid than the adaptation period of the livings, which could in turn cause a reduction in biodiversity. Climate change also raise negative physical, economic and social impacts on humans in cultural landscapes as urban and rural areas. In particular, people in the Arctic regions struggle the melting of ice shelves. Pacific Islands live with the challenges of typhoons, floods and sea level rises when Sub-Saharan Africa face with the drought and water and food scarcity.

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Page publiée le 16 décembre 2020