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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2014)

A Study On The Pattern Of Persian Gardens (chahar-bagh), And Evaluation Of Their Design Systems

SEIFLOO Ali

Titre : A Study On The Pattern Of Persian Gardens (chahar-bagh), And Evaluation Of Their Design Systems

İran Bahçeleri’nin Dokusu Ve Tasarım İlkeleri Üzerine Analiz Çalışması

Auteur : SEIFLOO Ali

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2014

Résumé
The Persian gardens have been analyzed from different aspects, in this study, the aim is to make a framework and to present patterns for the Persian gardens. For this reason, it is necessary to evaluate them according to their history, area, usage, and their users. The Persian gardens can be observed in urban scales, neighborhood scales, and small scales like a house yard. Their users can be the inhabitants of a house or residents of a neighborhood or a city. Moreover, Persian gardens can be used as a courtyard, palace, castle, cemetery, orchard, hunting ground, zoo, national park, or city park. Based on these facts, the usage of the Persian gardens can be divided into three main categories : personal, neighborhood, and urban gardens. A personal garden is for individuals’ use and provides services only for private users. A garden having a neighborhood usage provides facilities for a neighborhood or a local area. However, an urban garden belongs to all residents of a city. It is obvious that urban gardens cover vast areas. Some of the gardens with personal use may also cover vast areas ; however, over time, they have been turned into urban gardens. In this regard, the home garden, the palace garden, and the castle garden have been defined as the subsets of personal use of Persian gardens. The orchard garden, the hunt garden, the zoo garden and the cemetery garden have been defined as the subsets of neighborhood gardens. And the national-garden and the city garden defined as subsets of city use of Persian gardens to categorize Persian gardens. In order to analyze the pattern of Persian gardens in the mentioned scales with different usages, evaluation of the main elements in the design of Persian gardens was inevitable. Pavilion, Andaruni, Sar-dar, walls, and their diversity have been evaluated in the architectural elements part of the dissertation. Trees, flowers, shrubs, and land cover plants, which are used in Persian garden, have been studied in the planting section of the dissertation. In the water system section, subterranean canals, pools, channels, and different types of fountains and their locations in Persian gardens have been evaluated. At the end, based on the pattern of Persian gardens and their elements and by evaluating them with three different aforementioned scales (residential, neighborhood and urban), six patterns will be defined for the Persian gardens, two of which (extroverted courtyard and introverted courtyard) are related to the design of gardens in the architectural scale and have already been presented by Lale Bakhtiyar and Ardalan Nader. Patterns of the water garden, terrace garden, and pavilion garden are related to the gardens in neighborhood scale and the garden-in-garden pattern is related to the gardens in the urban scale.

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