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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2013)

An Approach For Energy Efficiency And Sustainability In Emergency Architecture : Evaluation Of Post-disaster Shelters In Turkey

BRUSADIN VIOLA Santiago

Titre : An Approach For Energy Efficiency And Sustainability In Emergency Architecture : Evaluation Of Post-disaster Shelters In Turkey

Afet Mimarlığında Enerji Verimliliği Ve Sürdürülebilirlik İçin Bir Yaklaşım : Türkiye Deki Afet Sonrası Barınaklarının Değerlendirilmesi

Auteur : BRUSADIN VIOLA Santiago

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé
Natural and human disasters such as earthquakes and military conflicts cause every year extensive loss of lives, hamper development and bring economic losses, particularly in developing countries, where many people reside in buildings and areas that are vulnerable to disasters. With growing population, the world’s exposure to natural hazards is inevitably increasing, as well as the global energy demand. Energy consumption by use of fossil fuels releases CO2 emissions into the atmosphere intensifying the natural greenhouse effect and causing global warming. Buildings are one of the main contributors to world energy consume and CO2 releasing. Therefore an efficient use of energy in buildings is key to reduce CO2 emissions. In the aftermath of a disaster, the basic needs of the victims are generally solved with first aid and basic plastic tents. While this is a necessary step usually doesn’t involve essential environmental and sustainable premises thus not providing an adequate architectural response. In the relief phase in the event of a disaster, the need for energy efficient and sustainable solutions for emergency shelters appears in order to protect the environment and conserve scarce natural resources. In this thesis, the current state of the art in emergency shelter design and the emergency management in the world are investigated. A research on the current green standards for buildings is conducted. Supported on this research, a selection of sustainable criteria for emergency shelters is provided. This criteria is the base for an approach to a new green rating system focused on emergency architecture. Three prototypical emergency shelters are selected and analyzed from energy efficiency point of view. These case studies are checked through the new green rating system previously established. Following this, the emergency shelters are simulated in five different cities of Turkey corresponding to different climatic zones of the country. Turkey has had a long history of large earthquakes that makes it an appropriate field for the research and improvement of energy efficient and sustainable post-disaster emergency shelters.

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