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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2013)

An Energy Efficient Design Intersection : Earth-sheltered Structures

ÖZTÜRK SARI Sevda

Titre : An Energy Efficient Design Intersection : Earth-sheltered Structures

Enerji Etkin Tasarımda Bir Arakesit : Toprak Örtülü Yapılar

Auteur : ÖZTÜRK SARI Sevda

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2013

Résumé partiel
After oil crises and rapid urbanization, the supply of fossil fuels is shrinking. Access to fossil fuels, which have been the primary source of energy, is becoming both limited and expensive. However, dependency on these scarce energy resources has increased with the development of technology. In order to avoid a situation where the demand is greater than the supply, the concept of sustainability was introduced. This concept means to produce lifelong, self-maintaining designs in every area of life. In terms of economic, ecologic, and social sustainability, these designs should not touch the heritage of the future generations. Structures have emerged using this perception and concept of ecological architecture, which combines ecology and architecture. Ecologic architecture focuses on designs in harmony with nature, minimum damage to the natural resources when creating an artificial environment, minimum usage of resources and recycled plans and designs. Moreover, buildings built in this design make an effort to use renewable energies as much as possible like sun, water and wind energy. Along with ecological architecture, energy efficient structures that take advantage of passive solar energy have started to become popular. One of these energy efficient structure examples is the earth-sheltered house. Earth-sheltered houses have existed since the beginning of human life and have come to the forefront with modern term reviews after the energy crisis. These structures, assumed to be more sustainable than other structures, were examined and compared to similar examples and roof gardens in the past and present. Generally these structures were covered, which created the occurrence of a good thermal mass of the soil. At the same time, they generate new ecosystems in cities or sometimes continue the topography that is located in. With the synchronized growth of technology and urbanization, the use of green spaces on buildings has regained importance and are now called roof gardens. These systems use the same logic used in the sheltered houses, but they have some features that are not suitable for criteria sustainability. When the logic of the emergence of roof gardens is compared to FLL Guidelines, some disagreements are observed. However, it has become an important part of the urban green system. So, the question was asked what can be done to make roof gardens more sustainable ? The origin of the subject was examined in order to find more natural and sustainable version of the roof gardens. The aim of this thesis is to present the historical evolution of soil covered structures as the basis for green roof and construction industry ; and to reveal the guiding criteria for green roofs in terms of sustainability.

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