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University of Johannesburg (2019)

Perceptions of local residents and authorities on human–wildlife coexistence in Zimbabwe

Mudimba, Talent

Titre : Perceptions of local residents and authorities on human–wildlife coexistence in Zimbabwe

Auteur : Mudimba, Talent

Université de soutenance : University of Johannesburg

Grade : Master in Tourism and Hospitality 2019

Résumé
Conflicts related to Human-Wildlife Coexistence (HWC) and tourism are increasingly evolving as central modern dialogues for cases requiring balance between human and wildlife resource demands. In human–wildlife coexisting communities, where resources and space are limited, balancing human well-being and conservation goals has become a critical issue, contrasting with the goals of sustainable conservation tourism. So far, very limited studies have been done on how such conflicts could be overcome to, as present in Zimbabwe’s coexisting communities, promote conservation tourism development. Given the contemporary rhetorical contribution of tourism to local economies, tackling Human–Wildlife Conflicts (HWCs) has become a prerequisite in linking conservation tourism and poverty alleviation goals in Zimbabwe, hence, the current study. The present study examined the perceptions of the local residents and authorities towards HWC, aiming to understand conflict dynamics affecting sustainable tourism development in Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe. Using a mixed methods research, a total of 375 questionnaires were designed for data collection to meet the study objectives. A simple random sampling was used to administer 365 questionnaires to local residents, while 10 questionnaires were administered to key informants using a purposive sampling technique. The quantitative data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), and qualitative data were analysed through contextualising views gathered from the key informants. The study found that, due to the lack of broad-based management structures, the linkage between authorities and local residents was weak, in terms of understanding existing set strategies and policies aimed at promoting a compatible coexistence. Concepts that provide new directions for public policy, environmental justice and sustainability through clarifying existing policies and practices are highly contested in the study. A post-longitudinal study is also recommended to counteract prospective ecological, environmental and socio-economic changes that might occur to upset the goals of conservation tourism in Zimbabwe

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Page publiée le 1er janvier 2021