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North-West University (2020)

Towards a tourism and community development framework : an African perspective

Gohori, Owen

Titre : Towards a tourism and community development framework : an African perspective

Auteur : Gohori, Owen

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy in Tourism Management 2020

Résumé partiel
This research examines the potential of tourism to alleviate poverty and bring about community development in Manicaland province, Zimbabwe. It argues that tourism development in poor African rural communities can be a tool of poverty alleviation. Although tourism development has been known to reduce poverty through pro-poor tourism (PPT) and community-based tourism (CBT), poor people’s perspectives and experiences have not been given much attention. Limited research has also shown the importance of incorporating African people’s indigenous knowledge systems and culture in tourism development as a strategy of poverty reduction. Although tourism development may contribute to poverty alleviation, disempowerment and limitations to community participation in tourism are still prevalent in rural African communities visited by tourists. This research seeks answers to four main questions : What are the barriers to community participation in tourism as identified by CBT projects in Zimbabwe ? What are the roles of tourism as a means of community development and poverty alleviation as perceived by local people in Manicaland ? What are the obstacles to community development and poverty alleviation as perceived by local people in Manicaland ? What are the roles of tourism as a means of community development and poverty alleviation as perceived by key informants ? This research was designed in two stages. The first stage involved a content analysis of CBT projects in Zimbabwe, where a systematic search for documents was done. Eighty-four projects were identified, and twenty-two of them were found to have barriers to community participation in tourism. The second stage collected data through in-depth interviews in the case study area, where 43 poor people were interviewed. In-depth interviews were also conducted with 22 key informants in Harare and Manicaland. This research identified that local people perceive poverty as the lack of enough food to feed the family and attribute it to both internal and/or external causes.

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