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University of KwaZulu-Natal (2019)

Temperature dynamics within a low-cost aquaponic system and the possible effects of climate change.

Mkhize, Minenhle Godslove.

Titre : Temperature dynamics within a low-cost aquaponic system and the possible effects of climate change.

Auteur : Mkhize, Minenhle Godslove.

Université de soutenance : University of KwaZulu-Natal

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE in Agrometeorology 2019

Résumé partiel
The agricultural sector is facing impeding challenges due to climate change. There is enough evidence showing that climate change has a significant impact on agricultural production. Marginalized communities that lack financial resources and depend on agricultural crop production, are the most vulnerable to climate change effects, which further exacerbates 5 their food insecurity. Existing literature hypothesizes that aquaponics, using Tilapia, has potential in addressing climate change effects in agriculture. However, the low average winter temperature hinders successful adoption of low-cost aquaponic systems using Tilapia fish. The implication of cool conditions (South African temperatures) are more extreme for a low-cost, poorly resourced aquaponic users because they lack temperature regulation 10 systems to maintain optimal temperatures and are simply subject to the surrounding environmental conditions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to understand the temperature dynamics of a low-cost aquaponic system and the possible effects of future climate change. A study was conducted at KwaDeda, a poor rural community in the Ndwedwe area of 15 KwaZulu-Natal. The two objectives were to (1) understand how the surrounding environmental air temperature affects the water temperature of a low-cost aquaponic system and, to (2) assess the implications of future climate change on a low-cost aquaponic system. Two weather stations (22 km apart) were installed, one to measure hourly environmental air temperature conditions and the other to measure the conditions within the plastic tunnel of 20 a low cost aquaponic system (from June – November 2019). The environmental air temperature had no immediate relationship with water temperature. However, there was an observed lag of 4 hours from the environmental air temperature peak to water temperature peak, which varied slightly with seasonality.

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