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University of KwaZulu-Natal (2019)

Assessing water use effeciency and carbon sequestration potential of different wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes

Mbava, Nozibusiso Odette

Titre : Assessing water use effeciency and carbon sequestration potential of different wheat (Triticum aestivum) genotypes.

Auteur : Mbava, Nozibusiso Odette.

Université de soutenance : University of KwaZulu-Natal

Grade : Master of Science in Soil Science 2019

Résumé partiel
Poor soil fertility status and limited water availability have been identified as two of the major constraints to crop production in South Africa. Under these conditions, growing crop genotypes that will sequester more carbon into the soil and be more water use efficient is crucial to improve crop production thus alleviate food insecurity. The aim of the study was to assess water use efficiency and carbon sequestration potential of different wheat genotypes. The experiment was set up under field and greenhouse conditions using 100 wheat genotypes from CIMMYT. These were grown at 25% (water-stressed) and 75% (non-stressed) field capacity (FC) using an alpha lattice with 10 blocks and 10 genotypes per block. Treatments were replicated twice in the field and three times in the glasshouse. After harvest the 10 best wheat genotypes were separated into roots and shoots, their chemical composition was analysed prior to the incubation experiment. About 0.25 g each of wheat root (RT) or shoot (ST) of the selected wheat genotypes were thoroughly mixed with 100 g of soil then transferred into an air tight PVC pot. NaOH solution was also placed inside the incubation pot to trap CO2 released during decomposition, and this was measured on day 0, 7, 15, 23, 31, 39, 47, 55, 63, 77, 91,105, and 120 of incubation. The results from the field and glasshouse experiments showed that average wheat grain yield (GY) varied from 326 g m-2 to 2062 g m-2, shoot biomass (SB) ranged from 1873 g m-2 to 3726 g m-2 while total plant biomass (PB) ranged from 2992 g m-2 to 6289 g m-2. Grain carbon stocks (GCS) averaged 132 g C m-2 and 167 g C m-2 in the glasshouse under stressed and non-stressed conditions, respectively. The total plant carbon stocks (PCS) ranged from 691 g m-2 to 3093 g m-2 (i.e. 348% difference) in the glasshouse, while they ranged from 835 g m-2 to 4016 g m-2 (i.e. 381% difference) in the field.

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