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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Afrique du Sud → 2006 → The role of tourism in natural resource management in the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

University of KwaZulu-Natal (2006)

The role of tourism in natural resource management in the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

Harrison, Phillipa Anne.

Titre : The role of tourism in natural resource management in the Okavango Delta, Botswana.

Auteur : Harrison, Phillipa Anne.

Université de soutenance : University of KwaZulu-Natal

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2006

Résumé partiel
In recent years the use of tourism as a development strategy by Third World governments has increased, resulting in the intersection of international tourism and local resource utilisation patterns. The aim of this thesis is to critically assess the impact of tourism in the utilisation and management of natural resources in the Okavango Delta in Botswana. More specifically, the study appraises the current state of tourism and natural resource utilisation and management in the Okavango Delta ; assesses the past and present forms of resource utilisation practised by the local inhabitants scattered throughout the Delta area ; focuses on the implementation of government policy regarding resource use ; highlights past and present relationships between tourism and resource utilisation ; and examines the impact of tourism on the areas resources, environment and local inhabitants. Research has shown that the Okavango Delta, which is Botswana’s primary tourism area, is faced with a number of social, economic and environmental challenges. These include extreme levels of poverty, especially in the rural areas ; lack of infrastructure ; competition over land and resources ; growing regional inequality ; social degradation ; increased imports leading to foreign exchange leakages ; changes in subsistence strategies and increased ’rural-urban’ .migration ; and the loss of control of the region by the local population to the global tourism system. The Okavango Delta is in the process of undergoing a change from traditional, rural, subsistence economies and livelihoods to capitalist, commercial-driven economic structures. In the Okavango Delta, as in many places around the world, people are in the process of being integrated into national level political, social and economic institutions, both within and outside of their control. The creation of employment for the local population, the sustainable use of the Delta and its resources, the development of the local agricultural industry, the continued growth of the tourism industry, and striking a balance between the conservation/preservation of the Okavango and meeting the water requirement needs of Angola, Namibia, and Botswana’s growing populations are amongst the key concerns present in the area

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