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University of Cape Town (2019)

Expanding the Kavango-Zambezi (KAZA) TFCA : Experiences from Botswana

Webster, Kelly Celeste

Titre : Expanding the Kavango-Zambezi (KAZA) TFCA : Experiences from Botswana

Auteur : Webster, Kelly Celeste

Université de soutenance : University of Cape Town.

Grade : MPhil in the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science 2019

Résumé partiel
Transfrontier Conservation Areas (TFCAs) have emerged in recent years to become an important means of governing conservation land across the national boundaries of contemporary states. Southern Africa’s TFCAs have developed as ‘new conservation’ spaces, which are considered to promote a more holistic approach to managing protected areas by effectively integrating conservation and development ideals. However, these initiatives require complex management structures that extend across and engage with a complex mosaic of land uses, while effectively trying to reconcile diverse ecological, social, and economic agendas. The Kavango-Zambezi (KAZA) TFCA is the largest of these initiatives extending across the borders of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe. This research traces the expansion of the TFCA from its formation in 2003 to 2018, with a particular focus on its land integration and resource management processes in Botswana. To examine this expansion, this research utilizes the concept of ‘territory’ as a lens of land control which draws attention to the ways in which land within various spaces is valued, utilized and accessed. For this research, territory provides a useful perspective with which land and resource valuation, land-use conflict and resource rights within the TFCA’s boundaries can be critically engaged with. In order to better understand the territorial expansion processes of the TFCA, this research examines firstly, the objectives of the Botswana state in terms of the growth of the TFCA ; secondly, the motives behind the expansion processes ; thirdly, the ways in which land under various tenure regimes is involved within the expansion processes ; and finally, the impacts of these processes on local communities within these areas.


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