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Philipps-Universität Marburg (2020)

Aeolian dust deposition rates in south-western Iran

Foroushani, Mansour Ahmadi

Titre : Aeolian dust deposition rates in south-western Iran

Auteur : Foroushani, Mansour Ahmadi

Université de soutenance : Philipps-Universität Marburg

Grade : Doctor of Natural Science 2020

Résumé partiel
The annual atmospheric dust-load originating in the so-called Dust Belt ‎, which ranges from the ‎Sahara desert and the Arabian peninsula to the arid lowlands of Central Asia and the deserts of ‎northern China, impacts the air quality and the climate worldwide. Iran as a whole, and especially the ‎southwestern regions of the country, most affected by dust, with frequent dust storms characterized ‎by annual mean concentrations of more than 100 µg/m³ of suspended dust. Although aeolian dust is a ‎highly relevant problem in Iran, there is a lack of comprehensive regional studies on this topic. The ‎central aim of the study presented here is therefore the spatiotemporal analyses and classification of ‎dust events, the chemical composition of the dust, and the connections between regional and seasonal ‎climate variation and dust deposition rates in four sub-regions of Iran. This comprehensive approach is ‎based on the maximum mean dust concentration and the seasonality of dust events. The results are ‎provided new and valuable insights into the dust deposition and its related processes in the study area.‎ The study area covers 8.43% of Iran (about 117,000 km2), located between 45°30′00″ E 35°00′00″ N ‎and 49°30′00″ E 30°00′00″ N including Kermanshah, Lorestan and Khuzestan. The fieldwork area is ‎characterized by the rolling mountainous terrain about 4000 m above sea level (a.s.l) in the north and ‎east, plains and marshlands in the south. Study area has also located in dry climate and hot summer ‎conditions in the south, cold and hot desert climates in the west. The studies on aeolian dust in ‎southwestern Iran are based solely on ground deposition rates from 2014 to 2017‎‏.‏ To address the connections between the Ground observation of dust Deposition Rates (GDR), climate ‎zones, and weather patterns, a comparative analysis with various data sets was conducted. Both ‎gravimetric and directional dust samplers (10 each) were installed to record the monthly GDR between ‎‎2014 and 2017. The sampler design was deliberately kept simple to ensure long-term durability and ‎easy maintenance. The collected dust samples were analyzed for their chemical composition using ‎Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The ten sampling sites were also classified ‎by their land use / land cover (LULC) for a more detailed data interpretation.


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