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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2020 → Quaternary alluvial fan morphodynamics and basin sedimentation in North Iran

Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg (2020)

Quaternary alluvial fan morphodynamics and basin sedimentation in North Iran

Büdel Christian

Titre : Quaternary alluvial fan morphodynamics and basin sedimentation in North Iran

Auteur : Büdel Christian

Université de soutenance : Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg

Grade : Doctoral Thesis 2020

Résumé partiel
Availability of water and desiccation of important water reservoirs is a vital challenge in semi-arid to arid climates with growing economy and population. Low quantities of precipitation and high evaporation rates leave the water supply vulnerable to human activity and climatic variations. Endorheic basins of Northern Iran were hydrologically landlocked within geological timescales and thus bear evidence of past variations of water resources in generations of water related landforms, like abandoned lake level shorelines, alluvial fans and stream terraces. Understanding the development of these landforms reveals crucial information about past water reservoirs and landscape history. This study offers a comprehensive approach on understanding the geomorphological development of the landscape throughout Late Pleistocene and Holocene times. It integrates remote sensing and geographic information system analysis, with geomorphological and stratigraphical mapping fieldwork and detailed sedimentological investigations. The work shows the importance of analytical geomorphological mapping for delineating stratigraphic units of the Iranian Quaternary. Thus, several phases of drying and lake level retreat were identified in parallel geoarchives and could be dated to a time span from today to Late Pleistocene. The findings link the fate of the citizens of the ancient city of "Tepe Hissar" to their access to water and to the power of geomorphological processes, which started changing their environment.show less

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Page publiée le 13 janvier 2021