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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2019 → The role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the livelihoods of communities in Alfred Nzo District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province

University of Fort Hare (2019)

The role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the livelihoods of communities in Alfred Nzo District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province

Thinyane, Zingisa

Titre : The role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in the livelihoods of communities in Alfred Nzo District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province

Auteur : Thinyane, Zingisa

Université de soutenance : University of Fort Hare

Grade : Master of Science in Botany 2019

Résumé
Non-timber forest products (NTFPs) are renewable natural resources which are harvested by local communities from the surrounding homesteads, fields, grazing lands, woodlands, grasslands and natural habitats. The term NTFP may be used in reference to biological products collected from the domesticated land, semidomesticated land or from the wild. This study examined the use of NTFPs in Alfred Nzo District Municipality, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, assessing their consumption patterns and contribution to the household well-being. Data on NTFP identity and utilization in the study area were gathered through community focus group discussions and household surveys using semi-structured questionnaires between April 2017 and May 2018. A sample of 124 participants selected via snowball-sampling technique provided detailed accounts on diversity and utilization of NTFPs in the study area. A total of 59 species and eight extractable NTFPs were utilized by the communities in Alfred Nzo District Municipality. The identified eight use categories were herbal medicine (39.0%), edible plants and mushroom (18.0%), firewood (11%), bushmeat (10.0%), forage (9.0%), construction material (6.0%), ceremonial uses (2.0%) and others with miscellaneous uses (5.0%). Popular NTFPs with use values exceeding 0.50 include Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns, Bulbine latifolia (L.f.) Spreng., Centella asiatica (L.) Urb, Elephantorrhiza elephantina (Burch.) Skeels, Hypoxis hemerocallidea Fisch., C.A. Mey & Avé-Lall and Leonotis leonurus (L.) R. Br., all used as herbal medicines, Agapanthus africanus (L.) (herbal medicine and ornamental), Datura stromonium L. (herbal medicine, forage and firewood), Dicerothamnus rhinocerotis (L.f) Koekemoer (herbal medicine and fumigant), Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein, Pavo cristatus L., Struthio camelus L. and Xerus inauris Hemprich & Ehnrenberg as bushmeat. Information on diversity, consumption ii patterns and contribution of NTFPs to livelihood needs of households may enable policy makers and government officers to draft policies required for sustainable management of NTFPs.

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