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Nelson Mandela University (2019)

Germination potential of seeds harvested at the Worcester Veld Reserve

Swart, Rudi

Titre : Germination potential of seeds harvested at the Worcester Veld Reserve

Auteur : Swart, Rudi

Université de soutenance : Nelson Mandela University

Grade : Magister Scientae 2019

Résumé partiel
The rangelands of the Succulent Karoo and Nama Karoo biomes are in various states of degradation. The injudicious stocking of overly high numbers of domestic livestock is considered to be the anthropogenic cause of this degradation. The palatable plants of these rangelands have been greatly reduced in number or extirpated from some areas. In order to return palatable plants to degraded rangelands and improve rangeland productivity, many restoration projects have been attempted that involve reseeding. The sowing of seeds into degraded rangelands, or other disturbed areas, has often provided disappointing germination results. This study will attempt to determine what some of the main aspects are that affect Karoo seed germination, both positively and negatively. The specific objectives of the study are to determine the causes of pre-sowing seed mortality, the effect of drying on seed germination, the effect of planting depth on seed germination and the effect of storage time on seed germination. The seeds of four palatable Karoo plant species harvested at the Worcester Veld Reserve were selected to be subjected to germination trails and viability testing. This study uses germination trials under controlled light and temperature conditions, as well as 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride tests to determine whether the four species of Karoo seeds harvested at the Worcester Veld Reserve for rangeland reseeding projects are viable and germinable. The practice of drying seeds after harvesting is tested to determine the effect of drying on seed germination.

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Page publiée le 18 janvier 2021