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RMIT University (2018)

Developing a wildfire surveillance algorithm for geostationary satellites

Wickramasinghe Chathura

Titre : Developing a wildfire surveillance algorithm for geostationary satellites

Auteur : Wickramasinghe Chathura

Université de soutenance : RMIT University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2018

Résumé partiel
Wildfire surveillance is an important aspect of effective wildfire management, requiring near continuous observations to detect and monitor fires. Geostationary satellites have the potential to meet this challenge, capturing full disk images every 10 to 30 minutes at ground sample distances down to 500 m for some sensors. However, the MIR (Middle Infrared) and TIR (Thermal Infrared) channels on geostationary satellite sensors have a coarse ground sample distance of 2-4 km. Currently, fire detection algorithms depend on these channels to detect thermal anomalies. The coarse spatial resolution in the MIR and TIR channels limits the application of geostationary satellite for wildfire surveillance. This thesis looks to fully exploit the potential of geostationary satellites for wildfire surveillance through a multi-spatial and multi-temporal approach.

The first research question in this thesis, develops and tests an algorithm to improve the wildfire surveillance capabilities of the geostationary satellites. The new algorithm utilises the MIR, NIR and visible channels, linking them to biophysical processes on the ground. The MIR channel is used to detect thermal anomalies, the NIR channel is used to detect changes in vegetation cover, and the visible channel detects smoke from the fire. By combining these detections, or observations, fire surveillance can be achieved at the highest ground sampling resolution available (typically in the visible wavelength channels). Initial algorithm development and testing were conducted on the Advanced Himawari Imager (AHI) sensor onboard the Himawari-8 satellite. The MIR, NIR and RED channels on AHI have 2 km, 1 km and 500 m ground sampling distances respectively, enabling the new algorithm to detect 2 km thermal anomalies and 500 m fire-line pixels. Fire-line pixels is a new product designed to Adetect the trailing edge of the fire

Mots clés : AHI-FSA wildfire surveillance inter-comparison Himawari-8 SEVIRI Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing

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