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Australian National University (2008)

An evaluation of the case for the adoption of agricultural biotechnology in Africa : the benefits, the objections and a way forward

Bodulovic, Greg

Titre : An evaluation of the case for the adoption of agricultural biotechnology in Africa : the benefits, the objections and a way forward

Auteur : Bodulovic, Greg

Université de soutenance : Australian National University

Grade : Master of Philosophy 2008

Résumé
Agricultural productivity levels in Sub-Saharan African nations are among the lowest in the world. Productivity increases are urgently needed as the population of the continent is predicted to double by the year 2050. This thesis examines the case for the use of agricultural biotechnology, particularly genetically modified crops, as a tool in the improvement of African agriculture and food production. The benefits and risks of genetically modified crops are considered in light of the negative reactions towards biotechnology and its lack of acceptance by many African nations. The reasons behind these reactions are identified. A methodology for the rapid proteomic analysis of genetically modified crops is proposed in order to address concerns about the safety of genetically modified crops. The ability of the methodology to identify unexpected changes in protein expression in a study involving genetically modified peas and chickpeas is demonstrated. On the basis of the study and previous research, the ability to manage the potential risks of genetically modified crops is considered. Ultimately, the role of agricultural biotechnology in African agricultural rejuvenation is identified in the context of other major factors necessary for this goal to be realised.

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Page publiée le 27 janvier 2021