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Australian National University (2004)

No rings attached : an exploration of the levels, correlates and sociodemographic implications of cohabitation in Botswana

Mokomane, Zitha S.

Titre : No rings attached : an exploration of the levels, correlates and sociodemographic implications of cohabitation in Botswana

Auteur : Mokomane, Zitha S.

Université de soutenance : Australian National University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2004

Résumé partiel
Over the last two decades censuses and surveys in Botswana have revealed an increase in the number of people who live together outside marriage. Although this living arrangement, known inter alia as cohabitation, consensual unions, living together, has been documented to have important socio-economic and demographic consequences, it has not been a visible part of the research agenda in the country. This study seeks to address this research gap by exploring the dimensions, components and sociodemographic implications of this living arrangement. To achieve this aim, the study uses data drawn from the 2001 Botswana AIDS Impact Survey, the 1996 Botswana Family Health Survey, the 1991 and 2001 Botswana population censuses reports, the 1988 Botswana Family Health Surveys report, a qualitative survey conducted by the author in 2001 as well as a number of other supplementary sources. The quantitative results confirm an increase in the current prevalence of cohabitation over the last two decades. A key observation is that these current levels closely resemble those observed in many Latin America and the Caribbean but differed from those seen in many sub-Saharan African countries. Similarly, the examination of the correlates of cohabitation reveals that, unlike in many sub-Saharan African countries where cohabitation is more prevalent the more modern segments of the population such as the educated and urbanites, cohabitants in Botswana resemble those in many Latin American countries in that they are more likely to have lower socio-economic status than the married population. Multivariate analysis, for example, showed that the young, less educated and unemployed are more likely to be currently cohabiting than to be currently married

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