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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Australie → 2010 → The elephant in the room : the impacts on poverty of wildlife-focussed community based natural resource management - The Tchuma Tchato Project, Mozambique and Kwandu Conservancy, Namibia

Australian National University (2010)

The elephant in the room : the impacts on poverty of wildlife-focussed community based natural resource management - The Tchuma Tchato Project, Mozambique and Kwandu Conservancy, Namibia

Suich, Helen Catherine

Titre : The elephant in the room : the impacts on poverty of wildlife-focussed community based natural resource management - The Tchuma Tchato Project, Mozambique and Kwandu Conservancy, Namibia

Auteur : Suich, Helen Catherine

Université de soutenance : Australian National University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2010

Résumé partiel
Community based natural resource management (CBNRM) programmes are designed to devolve rights over the management of certain natural resources to local communities to achieve the dual objectives of biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. Incentives are key to encouraging and maintaining participation in these programmes, and the delivery of these expected benefits is critical to achieving poverty alleviation. This research addresses two questions : i) what has been the impact of CBNRM activities on the multiple dimensions of poverty ? and ii) what are the perceptions of CBNRM area residents of CBNRM, focussing in particular on the incentives intended to encourage and maintain participation in CBNRM activities ? The research was conducted in Mozambique, in the Daque area of the Tchuma Tchato project in Tete Province, and in Namibia, in the Kwandu Conservancy in the Caprivi Region. CBNRM activities, centred on wildlife management, have been ongoing for over 1 0 years in both areas. Factor analysis was used to construct indices measuring five dimensions of poverty - financial, human, natural, physical and social. These poverty indices were used in propensity score matching to estimate the treatment effect of CBNRM activities, by comparing treatment households, in the CBNRM area, with carefully selected comparison households, outside the influence of CBNRM activities. Further analyses compared a group of households randomly selected within the CBNRM area, with a purposive group, selected because of household members’ close association with CBNRM activities. The analysis shows that no positive impacts on the multiple dimensions of poverty could be found arising from CBNRM initiatives in either Mozambique or Namibia. However, in Namibia, CBNRM activities were found to have impacted positively on purposive households, particularly with respect to financial capital. Présentation

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