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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Inde → 2017 → An Economic Analysis of Climate Change Effects on Agricultural Productivity A Case Study on Climate Vulnerability of Farmers in Bundelkhand Redion of Uttar Pradesh

Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (2017)

An Economic Analysis of Climate Change Effects on Agricultural Productivity A Case Study on Climate Vulnerability of Farmers in Bundelkhand Redion of Uttar Pradesh

Singh, Surendra

Titre : An Economic Analysis of Climate Change Effects on Agricultural Productivity A Case Study on Climate Vulnerability of Farmers in Bundelkhand Redion of Uttar Pradesh

Auteur : Singh, Surendra

Université de soutenance : Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Economics 2017

Sommaire partiel
Climate change in the present century is one of the most serious and has biggest threat to the mankind. Over utilisation of natural resources caused biodiversity loss in the form of deforestation, depletion, pollution and acidification and food security becomes one of the most serious threat for the world’s growing population. Variability in the environmental factors, viz., rainfall and temperature reduces the farm productivity in the low latitudes countries, where agriculture is only source of livelihood security for majority of the population. Further, elevated levels of greenhouse gases added an additional layer in the vulnerability. The present study is an attempt to estimate the impact of climate change on the Indian agriculture. The present study covers 15 major and minor food crops in 291 districts of 15 states during 1966-2011. The present study found that major food crops, viz., rice and wheat are highly sensitive and adversely affected by the rise in temperature and fall in rainfall, whereas, maize, finger millet, pearl millet, pigeon pea, lime seeds, chickpea and rabi pulses are less sensitive. Furthermore, the present study has also made an attempts to examine livelihood and climate vulnerability in one of the most backward region of Uttar Pradesh, viz., Bundelkhand region. The study found that least amount of basic amenities, least amount of crop & income diversification, lack of non-farm employment opportunities and lower educational qualification are major contributors for the livelihood vulnerability among the surveyed households. Subsequently, higher exposure from the environmental factors, viz., rainfall and temperature, female headed households and higher dependency on conventional natural capital for the cooking purposes are major contributors for the climate vulnerability among the surveyed households. Although, surveyed households are applied differential adaptation strategies to cope with climate change, viz., change in cropping pattern, less water consuming crops, higher use of chemical fertilisers & pesticides, early maturing varieties and improved irrigation, but due to the high exposure to the rainfall and temperature, the current adaptation practices are insufficient to deal with current environmental crisis in the Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh

Présentation et version intégrale (Shodhganga)

Page publiée le 1er mars 2021