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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Inde → 1990- 1999 → Influence of short term climatic fluctuations on the agricultural land use in Kerala

Cochin University of Science and Technology (1997)

Influence of short term climatic fluctuations on the agricultural land use in Kerala

Neelakantan, T

Titre : Influence of short term climatic fluctuations on the agricultural land use in Kerala

Auteur : Neelakantan, T

Université de soutenance : Cochin University of Science and Technology

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Meteorology 1997

Descriptif
In the present study, the land use over Kerala State and its spatial and temporal variations, spatio-temporal variations of water budget elements, climatic shifts, incidence of droughts and the influence of inter-annual fluctuations of rainfall on area. production and yield of selected crops, have been studied in detail. The thesis consists of seven chapters including the introduction. The first section of the Second Chapter deals with the importance of agrocliinatological studies in general and its application in agricultural land use in particular. It also gives an overview of the short term climatic fluctuations, water balance studies, crop weather relationships, land use patterns and various agricultural indices. This includes a detailed review of available literature in this field. The basic concepts. data used and the methodology adopted in the study forms, the second section of this Chapter. The Third Chapter gives the details of the physical features of the State such as the relief, geology, geomorphologysoils, drainage, and vegetation. The agroclimatology of the State is discussed in detail in Chapter Four. The first Section presents annual and seasonal variations of temperature and rainfall of the State along with a discussion on the water balance of the State. The second Section of this Chapter deals with the influence of rainfall and water balance elements on various crops. The district-wise general land use pattern of the State and its spatio-temporal variations are discussed in Chapter Five. The first Section of Chapter Six gives an overview of the agricultural land use pattern of the State, cropping patterns, cropping intensity, crop combination and their spatio-temporal variations. The inter-annual variability of water balances of various stations of the State computed using the method of Thornthwaite (1948) and Thornthwaite & Mather (1955) is presented in the second Section of Chapter Six. This also includes a discussion of how the climatic shifts have occurred over the State and the influence of variations of climatic and water balance elements on the crops. The Seventh Chapter gives the summary of the work carried out and the results obtained from the study. Interpretations of the results, conclusions and suggestions made, based on the observations of the study are incorporated in this Chapter

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