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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Espagne → 2020 → USO DE LA HUMEDAD DEL SUELO SUPERFICIAL OBTENIDA POR SATÉLITE PARA LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE UN MODELO ECOHIDROLÓGICO DISTRIBUIDO. CASO DE ESTUDIO : CUENCA DE LA RAMBLA DE LA VIUDA (ESPAÑA)

Universitat Politècnica de València (2020)

USO DE LA HUMEDAD DEL SUELO SUPERFICIAL OBTENIDA POR SATÉLITE PARA LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE UN MODELO ECOHIDROLÓGICO DISTRIBUIDO. CASO DE ESTUDIO : CUENCA DE LA RAMBLA DE LA VIUDA (ESPAÑA)

Echeverria Martínez, Carlos Antonio

Titre : USO DE LA HUMEDAD DEL SUELO SUPERFICIAL OBTENIDA POR SATÉLITE PARA LA IMPLEMENTACIÓN DE UN MODELO ECOHIDROLÓGICO DISTRIBUIDO. CASO DE ESTUDIO : CUENCA DE LA RAMBLA DE LA VIUDA (ESPAÑA)

Auteur : Echeverria Martínez, Carlos Antonio

Université de soutenance : Universitat Politècnica de València

Grade : Tesis doctoral 2020

Résumé
The traditional approach to hydrological model calibration is based only on observed discharges at gauging stations of the studied basin. However, assessing the discharges of a watershed in this way provides an aggregated and limited answer about the behaviour of the system. In order to deal with this, remote sensing satellite data have become a key alternative and their use has significantly increased in recent decades to estimate ecohydrological state variables. Remote sensing data not only provide temporal information but also valuable information on spatial dynamics, facilitating model calibration. Currently, satellite data are available almost in real time, generally with sufficient spatio-temporal resolution for ecohydrology studies and with a spatial distribution covering the entire earth. There are many sources of satellite information than can be used in ecohydrology, but in this research we chose near-surface soil moisture as state variable and leaf area index for validation. Soil moisture plays a key role in the hydrological cycle due to its influence on many processes that directly or indirectly affect the water balance, such as vegetation growth, hydraulic properties of the ground, evapotranspiration, runoff generation and the processes of infiltration and deep percolation. Despite their importance, soil moisture in-situ measurements are still uncommon in time and space ; their high spatial and temporal variability, together with the associated costs of operation and maintenance, make generating the necessary amount of observational data in-situ economically unviable, except in small experimental basins or plots. Therefore, soil moisture data obtained by remote sensing represent a good alternative for hydrological modelling. The main goal of this study is to test the possibility of calibrating a watershed using only satellite information of soil moisture To do this, we also address a secondary objective that involves solving how to process this type of information in order to implement and calibrate hydrological models. As a case study, a semi-arid Mediterranean catchment area was selected with an ephemeral regime (the Rambla de la Viuda) and a spatially distributed model was used (TETIS)

Mots Clés  : Modelacion ecohidrológica , Teledetección , Humedad del suelo , Calibración multiobjetivo , Cuenca no aforada.

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Page publiée le 25 février 2021