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Gulbarga University (2017)

The Status Of Blackbuck Antilope Cervicapra In Bidar District Of Karnataka


Titre : The Status Of Blackbuck Antilope Cervicapra In Bidar District Of Karnataka

Auteur : Asif

Université de soutenance : Gulbarga University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in Zoology 2017

Résumé partiel
The Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra belongs to the family Bovidae. It is found in Indian subcontinent and also in parts of Pakistan and Nepal. There are also introduced populations in various parts of the world. It is endemic to the Indian Sub-continent and occurs in a wide variety of habitats ranging from grassland to open woodlands in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other areas throughout peninsular India. It is one of the fastest of all terrestrial animals reaching the speed of upto 80 km/h. The Blackbuck is provincial animal of India. It is also known by a number of other names like Kala Hiran in Hindi, Krishna Mriga in Kannada and Krishna Jinka in Telugu. It has been declared as the state animal of Andhra Pradesh. According to the Hindu mythology Blackbuck or Krishna Jinka is considered as the vehicle (vahana) of the Moon God or Chandrama. Antilope is nearly threatened species in India, protected under the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 ; the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resource (IUCN) also lists Blackbuck as near-threatened. Like most wild animals, the Blackbuck is in principle protected in India by the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972. Its protected status has gained publicity through a widely reported court case in which one of Indian leading Hindi film stars, accused for killing two Blackbuck and several endangered Chinkaras. The intense protests from the Bishnoi ethnic group, which holds animals and trees sacred and on whose land the hunting had taken place. Blackbuck is a threatened species, Wildlife parks and zoos are breeding this beautiful species to increase its population and Blackbuck is one of 26 species of mammals, which have been declared near threatened. Poaching/hunting and habitat destruction has seriously affected the population of the Blackbuck. It is usually haunted for its skin, flesh, meat and also for sports. Blackbuck also holds the cultural importance in Hinduism and Buddhism.

Mots clés : Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra Linnaeus Kone melkunda Tegampur and Bhatambra Zoology

Présentation et version intégrale (Shodhganga)

Page publiée le 24 février 2021