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Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner (2017)

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS OF DAIRY ANIMALS IN SEMI-ARID EASTERN PLAINS OF RAJASTHAN

MONIKA

Titre : EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES ON GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS OF DAIRY ANIMALS IN SEMI-ARID EASTERN PLAINS OF RAJASTHAN

Auteur : MONIKA

Université de soutenance : Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner

Grade : Master of Veterinary Science (Veterinary Parasitology) 2017

Résumé partiel
A total of 649 faecal samples were collected from dairy animals of semi-arid eastern plains of Rajasthan during summer, rainy and winter season from March 2016 to December 2016. Out of which, 392 samples were from cattle (215 ; native and 177 ; crossbred) and 257 from buffaloes. These animals were from four districts (Ajmer, Jaipur, Tonk and Bandikui, Dausa, Lalsot, and Sikrai Blocks of Dausa district) of semiarid eastern plains of Rajasthan. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites of dairy animals in semi-arid eastern plains of Rajasthan was 64.25% (native ; 75.35%, crossbred ; 64.40% and buffaloes ; 54.86%) with a highly significant difference (p<0.01) and mixed infection of 31.12% (native ; 41.39%, crossbred ; 26.55% and buffaloes ; 25.68%) with a highly significant difference (p<0.01) also. The strongyle type infection showed highest prevalence of 55.01% followed by Eimeria sp. (27.73%), amphistomes (14.02%), Strongyloides sp. (12.48%), Trichuris sp. (10.01%), Moniezia sp. (1.38%), Schistosoma sp. (1.23%), Fasciola sp. (1.08%) and B. coli (1.08%). The season wise analysis revealed highest prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in rainy season (74.00%) followed by winter (64.26%) and summer (52.91%). The district wise analysis revealed highest prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in Tonk district (77.02%) followed by Ajmer (61.20%), Jaipur (60.87%) and Dausa (57.64%) respectively with a highly significant difference (p<0.01).

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