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Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi (2014)

Assessment of Climate Change Led Vulnerability and Simulating the Adaptive Behaviour of Farmers in the Himalayan and Arid Ecosystems

SUJIT SARKAR

Titre : Assessment of Climate Change Led Vulnerability and Simulating the Adaptive Behaviour of Farmers in the Himalayan and Arid Ecosystems

Auteur : SUJIT SARKAR

Université de soutenance : Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2014

Résumé
The present study was conducted with the objective of assessing vulnerability level of farmers toward climate change in the Himalayan and Arid ecosystems of India. A sample of two hundred farmers, hundred each from Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan representing the Himalayan and Arid ecosystem, respectively were selected. Total twenty nine socio-economic and psychological variables were selected after consultation with the experts to determine the vulnerability level of farmers. Data were collected through personal interview and focused group discussion with structured schedule. Data were analyzed using statistical techniques like principal component analysis, regression analysis, mean, standard deviation etc. The results of the study revealed that vulnerability level was more in Himachal Pradesh (Index score 0.82) than Rajasthan (0.73). Thirty eight per cent respondents in Himachal Pradesh belonged to highly vulnerable group as against 31 per cent of Rajasthan. Majority of the respondents in both the states were classified as moderately vulnerable (44% in Himachal Pradesh and 43% in Rajasthan). Multiple linear regression analysis was carried out to identify the predictor variables of vulnerability. The findings revealed that socio-economic variables like land holding, education, income, awareness level about climate change, communication pattern and psychological variables like achievement motivation, adaptive behavior, stress and pessimism were important predictors of vulnerability. It was inferred from the finding that inclusion of socio-economic factors and personality characteristics of farmers is a pre-requisite before formulating any adaptation strategy.

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