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Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi (2013)

VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN RAJASTHAN : A GENDER PERSPECTIVE

RAJESH BISHNOI

Titre : VULNERABILITIES AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN RAJASTHAN : A GENDER PERSPECTIVE

Auteur : RAJESH BISHNOI

Université de soutenance : Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

Grade : Master of Science in Agricultural Extension 2013

Résumé
Climate change has wide ranging effects on the environment and on socio-economic and related sectors, including water resources, agriculture and food security, human health and biodiversity of arid and semi-arid ecosystems. Developing countries are the most vulnerable to climate change impacts because they have fewer resources to adapt socially, technologically and financially. Hence it is important to conduct socio-economic studies related to climate change in order to devise appropriate strategy for preparedness and adaptation. The present study was conducted with specific objectives of assessing gender role and resource analysis in crop, animal and routine household activities, awareness of men and women farmers about climate change in arid ecosystem, studying the men and women farmers’ perception about climate change, analyzing men and women farmers’ vulnerability to climate change and their adaptation strategy, and documenting the institutional interventions for climate change awareness and adaptation to climate change. The study was conducted in the Bikaner district of Rajasthan. The district Bikaner was selected purposively, while the two blocks and four villages and a total of 60 men and 60 women farmers were selected randomly. It was observed that in crop husbandry activities, women were doing mainly field work like harvesting ; intercultural operations and these activities are affected by climate change. Hence, their work load and drudgery needs to be addressed. Majority of the work in the animal husbandry activities and routine household activities were done by the women farmers as compared to men farmers. Awareness about climate change was low in the women farmers as compared to men farmers. Men and women farmers perceived climate change in the same way. Majority of the men and women respondents ‘agreed’ that large-scale deforestation was the reason for the present climate change. Women farmers were more vulnerable (85%) than men farmers (71%) to climate change. Adaptation practices were documented from men and women farmers like farm diversification, mixed cropping, use of ash to protect crop from frost, use of drought tolerant varieties, use of biopesticide, ‘kanna bandhi’, etc. A number of institutional interventions for awareness and adaptation were documented but farmer’s awareness about these was very low. Furthermore these interventions have not reached these remote areas. Participation of women farmers was very low as compared to men farmers in the training organized by different institutions. Study underlines the importance of climate change communication. The study also revealed the increasing drudgery for women farmers in the changing climatic

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