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Universidade de Coimbra (2018)

Prevenção e Mitigação : a contribuição da agroecologia no combate à desertificação do Semiárido Nordestino

Henig, Edir Vilmar

Titre : Prevenção e Mitigação : a contribuição da agroecologia no combate à desertificação do Semiárido Nordestino

Auteur : Henig, Edir Vilmar

Université de soutenance : Universidade de Coimbra

Grade : Doutoramento em Território, Risco e Políticas Públicas 2018

Résumé partiel
The proposal of this work is to make an analysis of the historical construction of the land structure of the Brazil. It takes into account the main political regimes present in Brazil until nowadays. It brings a debate on social movements that monitor time on violence and peace in agrarian reform and social justice in the countryside. We put the discussion on agrarian reform as a public policy for land distribution, on the promotion and promotion of agroecology for farmers in the semi-arid Northeast. We analyze agroecology as a productive model that benefits the farmers of the Territory of the Serarião do Araripe pernambucano. This study also describes a value of agroecological social technologies to combat desertification in the northeastern semiarid region. Social Technologies arise as a response to the farmers of impoverished farmers who need a new possibility for their belonging in the rural environment, which guarantees them, productive participation with few resources and respect for the environment, thus inhibiting social exclusion promoted by the Hegemony of Agribusiness. The proposal of Social Technologies is to promote a social transformation through the products, methods and techniques of production that have the purpose of social, economic and environmental promotion of those involved in agricultural cultivation. The Northeastern semiarid region has as its basic characteristic the water deficit and high incidence of solar energy. A semi-arid region composed of a territorial level of territorial extension in Brazil and a condition of adverse conditions such as shallow soil, high evaporation due to a withdrawal of vegetation cover and an incorrect exploitation of the natural resources ; Agricultural production in this space. We aim to analyze agroecology for the recovery of degraded areas and how we can contribute to the preservation of environmental risks caused mainly by conservative agriculture, which is historically responsible for the great deforestation that occurred in Brazil in all its regions. Of the northeastern semi-arid region are still simulations to raise this productive mode causes social and economic impacts for people living in communities that use this mode of production.

Mots clés  : Reforma Agrária ; Políticas Públicas ; Agroecologia ; Tecnologias Sociais ; Desertificação ; Agrarian Reform ; Public policy ; Agroecology ; Social Technologies ; Desertification

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