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UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft (2018)

An integrated approach to evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system in Kenya

Irungu, Francis

Titre : An integrated approach to evaluating the effectiveness of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) system in Kenya

Auteur : Irungu, Francis

Université de soutenance : UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education, Delft

Grade : Master of Science (MS) 2018

Résumé partiel
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) has been adopted world-wide as a mechanism for ensuring that development projects are sustainable. However, there are questions about the EIA system’s effectiveness in achieving environmental protection in Kenya. The objective of this research was to analyze whether the EIA system, as currently implemented in Kenya, is effective as a management tool for controlling the impacts of development activities to the environment with the aim of improving the effectiveness of the system. To achieve this, an integrated framework, along with concepts and methods available to evaluate overall and operational performance of EIA system was adopted. The framework for evaluating effectiveness devised for this study was based on four categories of effectiveness : Substantive ; Procedural ; Transactive andNormativeeffectiveness. This approach enabled assessment of the factors that limit the effectiveness of the EIA system at full scale including : institutional arrangements for EIA ; adequacy of EIA legislation ; quality of EIA reports ; implementation and follow-up and the broader contextual factors. This research demonstrates the framework’s application by making use of data and empirical evidence from sector-specific cases in Naivasha Sub-County, Kenya. The methodology involved literature review, document review of Kenya’s environmental laws and international EIA Best Practiceprovisions. Other methods used while conducting the study include in-depth and semi-structured interviews, site visits and a quality review of selected Environmental Impact Assessment Statements (EIS) within the study area. The study participants involved key EIA actors including : EIA Authority ; project proponents ; Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) ; EIA consultants and sector authorities amongst other relevant stakeholders. This study found that Kenyan EIA system must evolve further to achieve overall effectiveness. The EIA system was found to be satisfactorily effective with respect to procedural aspects but was not effective onsubstantive effectiveness which is the ultimate goal of EIA.

Sujets  : environmental impact assessment environmental sustainability Kenya

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Page publiée le 1er avril 2021