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University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad (2005)

AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES - A CASE STUDY OF FARM-PONDS

Dessai, Rajeshwari

Titre : AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES - A CASE STUDY OF FARM-PONDS

Auteur : Dessai, Rajeshwari

Université de soutenance : University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Agricultural Economics 2005

Résumé
"Water is recognized as an elixir of life, human, society development and environmental sustainability. Hence, water should be treated as an economical and social good and its management must aim for the worthwhile use envisaging equity concerns, efficiency and environmental sustainability. Comprehensive research studies that focus on watershed programmes, particularly on rainwater harvesting are few. Hence the study was undertaken with main objectives of assessing impact of farm-ponds on cropping pattern, productivity, employment and income of the farmers and examining the feasibility of investment in farm-ponds at farm level and analyzing benefits and constraints therein. The study was conducted in rainfed areas of Dharwad and Kalaghatagi taluks at Dharwad district of Karnataka. For the present study, Managundi MWS in Managundi SWS and Tumari-koppa MWS in Galagi SWS were selected respectively from Dharwad and Kalaghatagi taluks. The primary data pertaining to agriculture year 2003-04 was collected using pretested interview schedules through personal interview method from 90 farmers, 45 from With Farm Pond farmers and 45 from without farm-pond fanners. The data were analyzed using various statistical techniques including tabular and financial analysis. The results indicated that the Farm-ponds have positive impact on cropping pattern, cropping intensity, productivity, average net income and employment levels. Also an investment in farm-ponds was financially feasible and viable with 51.48 per cent IRR and net present worth (Rs.51, 719.86) and B:C ratio (3.05) and pay back period was low at 1.54 years. Majority of farmers enjoyed the benefits of RWHS. Also the Constraints severely faced by farmers were non-availability of credit, requirement of high investment, Therefore, low-cost effective technology with suitable credit policy needs to be designed for the better adoption of RWHS.

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